Since the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005, Lebanon has been going through several political crises, but what has had the most impact on Lebanon are economic crisis, coronavirus pandemic, depreciation of the currency and presence of Hezbollah fighters, which we can no longer describe these fighters as the existence of a “state within a state” however it would be better to describe them as a existence of small powerful state in a big weak state. They are militias who do not obey any domestic or international laws because by all measures, Hezbollah is currently stronger and more stable than the government in Beirut. They even have the ability to direct Lebanon’s domestic and foreign policy, whether in a positive direction and in line with the principles of the international system or contrary to the world order.
From the beginning of 2020, Lebanon involved with a number of serious crises; Crises such as the collapse of the government, spread of the coronavirus, explosion of the country’s largest port and most importantly; Lebanon lira has fallen by nearly 80% to the US dollar. This made it impossible for Lebanon to provide basic necessities such as electricity, drinking water and gasoline to its citizens until the government of Beirut did not even have the money to clean up the streets of Beirut.
Last year, the Beirut government announced; they are not only can repay these loans, but they cannot even repay the interest that has accrued on these loans. The two international organizations have so far refused to lend to Lebanon and in return call for a policy of reforming the economic structures in Lebanon.
Currently; Lebanon has become a country of crisis, demonstrations, strikes and the collapse of sequential governments. The example of Lebanon, like other Middle Eastern countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Iran, Yemen and many others, shows that these states can no longer protect the security of their citizens and stability with their existing structures. Therefore, if we are realistic and think about the future of the generations of this region, we will understand the fact that another form of statehood is needed for this region. A form which the state accurate to the aspirations of the different nations within the state. This is not the last solution, but the first step to solve the problems of the Middle East.