Obstacles in front of political opposition in the Kurdistan Region
By considering that Kurdistan Region does not have a full experience of governing leads to a fact that the experience of political opposition in the Kurdistan Region has not deep experience. Therefore, the political opposition in Kurdistan Region has faced a variety of problems and obstacles, which we mention below obstacles in font of development of political opposition in the Kurdistan Region;
1)Political Coexistence; in most of previous rounds of parliament and KRG, there was an agreement and one list among political parties in Kurdistan Region, which led to all parties participating in power. None of these political parties cannot become a political opposition or be able to properly monitor government’s affairs.
2)The control of executive authority and weakness of parliament; one of a main problems of the Middle East’s political systems, including the Kurdistan Region, is that the executive authority has authority over other powers, including legislative authority, which is one of the most important tasks of monitoring the executive authority.
3)Lack of education in duties and rights of the political opposition: This issue includes both authorities and opposition parties. The authorities have treated the political opposition as betrayal people and have spread this form among the people.
4)Control of political parties over government affairs; the party’s supremacy over government institutions has prevented development of these institutions and made political party become father of the government.
5)Increasing expectation of public to the roles of opposition; the political parties in Kurdistan who were not in power in order to win more votes in elections have raised people’s expectations in the political opposition to achieve demands of the people and solve the country’s problems in a way that is impossible to implement even half of those demands if they reach power.
6)Lack of a strong strategy and program by the opposition; the political parties who have worked in Kurdistan at various stages of their political work, rather than having a practical and appropriate strategy and program for solving Kurdistan’s problems, have advertised some slogans and have promised to the people, which they could not implemented.
7)Economic obstacles; after financial crisis in the Kurdistan Region, a specific budget was not distributed for political parties, which had a negative impact on their work and activities.
8)Conflicts and distrust between opposition parties; opposition parties in Kurdistan are tried to impose his own hegemony on others and do not let others to take their own roles.
This view and way of working among political opposition parties has led to emergence of real and fake political opposition term in Kurdistan’s political literature.
In any case, it is better to establish rights of political opposition in a special provision, which is regulated by law. As for the Kurdistan Regional Government’s constitutional legislator, whose constitution is still in writing process, we suggest that this right be established in texts of the constitution. In addition, opposition parties would prefer to have a shadow government as it does in the UK and seriously and practically monitor the authorities.