The operations of the new ideological generation terrorists in the Middle East are carried out in the context of special violence by ISIS, and this will not be compared to other waves of terrorism. The basic of founding these violence were established on the issue of 2003 US invasion of Iraq. In response to the September 11 attacks, the United States declared war on terrorism and due to destroy terrorism all over the world. Meanwhile, in the excuse of having massive weapons and supporting violent terrorist groups, Iraq had been invaded by US.
Following the incidents, by Iraqi civil ruler Paul Bremer, the Baathist suppression constitution was given, which became the basis of self-restraint and a special form of terrorism in Iraq. According to the constitution, thousands of moderate Baath party members, such as doctors, engineers, teachers and Baath regime salaried and security forces, were humiliated, and many Sunni tribes were marginalized.
In the same connection, American writer “Farin Affers” discusses how to avoid a new form of terrorism and stated that, “Although we cannot consider the role of Saddam Hussein and his dictatorship regime in the terrorism process in Iraq, but the effective and direct role of the militias’ arrival goes back to the 2003 war and the US-led invasion of Iraq.” They believe that the attack after destroyed Iraqi political structure, it was the reason for the civil war because they had not planned for it very well. In fact, the rise of sectarian governments was the result of the Baath regime’s oppressive policy, the policy of interest-seeking and the US’s mistake in Iraq.
Thus, soon after the liberation of Iraq, a new terrorist group emerged in Iraq. Zarqawi, as the main leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq, was a Jordanian jihadist. He first began his career with the “Ansar al-Islam” which was terrorist group in northern Iraq, and after the country was liberated in 2003, he separated from the Ansar ul-Islam group and established a special organization called “Tawhid and Jihad”. The assassination of “Ayatollah Mohammed Baqiri Sadr- the spiritual leader of the Islamic Supreme Council in Iraq”, the attack on the Jordon embassy and the Embassies of Western countries is one of the group’s most important initial terrorist operations. “The claim that US forces, with the help of Iran and Shia forces want Sunnis to be excluded from Iraq has led many moderate Sunnis and powerful people who have been expelled from the government decided to join his forces and could be able to strengthen themselves further,” zarqawi claimed.
Isis’s formation with the fourth wave of international terrorism
Discussing the differences between ISIS and the realistic appearances of previous waves of international terrorism, particularly differences with al-Qaeda and other sectarian terrorist groups, which “David Rapoport” considers to be the true appearance of the fourth wave or sectarian terrorism, has many important theoretical achievements in which we can recognize the types of waves of terrorism. From this perspective, understanding ISIS’s governance in two areas of “ideological” and “organization” is appropriate for serious theoretical study.
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