As long as the reason for a recession has been discussed, they say there is a provincial or international conspiracy against the Modern Islamic sects or the gulf countries aim to freeze the activity and performances of the modern Islamic and its followers, the latest news concentrates on the tremendous budget which donated by (Saudi and Arab Emirate) to dismiss (Mohammed Morsi) from power and put away (Muslim brotherhoods) activities which announce the mother of the Islamic movements across the world. More than five decades the Islamic movements accused each other through their theoretical conflicts; as a result, their different analyses have separated them into two fronts as (Takfiri and Murji’ah), their quarrels stepped to a dangerous dispute in the frame of doctrine and juristic, however, both sides focus on the holly Quran, Hadith and the true side, the strangest thing is both fronts concentrate on one source to accuse each other which is (Ibn Taymiyyah).
The Murji’ah and Takfiri ideologies in the history of Islam
Murji’ah is an Arabic word; it means “those who postpone”, also Murji’ah an early Islamic sect. Murji’ah held the opinion that God alone has the right to judge whether or not a Muslim has become an apostate. Consequently, Muslims should practice postponement of judgment on committers of major sins and not make charges of disbelief (’Takfiri’) or punish accordingly anyone who has professed Islam to be their faith.
In contrast, takfir (Arabic takfir) denotes ex-communication from Islam of one Muslim by another, i.e. one Muslim declaring another a non-believer (kafir) or an apostate. The act which precipitates takfir is termed mukaffir. A Muslim who takfirs another Muslim is sometimes called a takfiri.
Sayyid Qutb’s suggestion initially controlled the literature of the Muslim brotherhoods and became a dynamo of directing the youth of the movement, besides, said Qutb’s ideology has affected the writing of the publicity scholars, preachers and intellectuals, later those personalities become familiar in the Islamic modern movement such as:
Muhammad Qutb was an Islamist author, scholar and teacher, the best known as the younger brother of the Egyptian Islamist thinker Sayyid Qutb. After his brother was executed by the Egyptian government, Muhammad moved to Saudi Arabia, where he promoted his brother’s ideas.
Abdulla Azam was a famous Jihadist of the Muslim brotherhood, the Sayyid Qutb ideologies have been reflected in his writings and personality. He delivered the idea of Sayyid Qutb to the military basements in Pakistan and Peshawar.
There are extra names that have affected Sayyid Qutb and they spread his notion through their writings and legitimate contexts, for instance, Abdul Majid al-Shazly, Salah al-Sawy, Mohammed Ahmed al-Rashid in Iraq and so on.
The formal attitudes of Muslim brotherhoods opposite the ideas and theses of Sayyid Qutb, Ma’mun al-Hudaybi who was the sixth leader of Muslim brotherhood has declared formerly the Sayyid Qutb’s opinions is only belongs to him personally which means Muslim Brotherhood is not responsible for his speech. Ma’mun al-Hudaybi also utters, the differences between Hassan Banna and Sayyid Qutb opinions are resembling the variation between war and peace, such a reaction of the Muslim brotherhood sixth leader hesitated the Qutb ideology followers, on the other hand, the Qutb followers would continue on the Muslim brotherhood sides till Mohammed Badie became the eighth leader of the movement, he was a fellow prisoner of Sayyid Qutb.
Madkhalism is a strain of Islamist thought within the larger Salafist movement based on the writings of Rabee al-Madkhali. Arab states have generally favored Madkhalism due to its support for secular forms of government as opposed to other strains of Salafism, and Madkhalism decline in Saudi Arabia has been connected with a decline in support for secular forms of government in the Muslim world. The Madkhalist believes Sayyid Qutb committed a countless crime against the Islamic Ummah, they say, Sayyid Qutb was responsible for making riot, destruction and terror among the state and Muslim communities. The Madkhalist don’t differentiate between a secular and Islamic governor, conversely, the Qutb followers say, if a governor or leader doesn’t obey the Islamic contexts or rules he becomes an infidel.
Currently, modern Islamic speeches are in decline, the reason refers to the local disputes among the Islamic intellectuals and preachers whom they accuse each other of a (Takfir and Murji’ah) ideology. Non-intimacy is seen between both sects, their differences increase day by day. The opponents of the sect promote their opposite views indirectly and use them to their advantage. The Islamic youths have disappointed by hearing the painful speeches among the Islamic sects, the modern Islamic leaders have to take benefit on their former mistakes due to having a common discourse as Almighty God mentions in the holy Quran (you fail and your wind will be gone).
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