The man who has reached the highest level of civilization and palaces today was firstly lived and home of them was the cave. Most of their daily necessities came from caves. Most of their inventions came from caves, such as finding fire, stone tools for cutting, killing, preventing and burning animal skins, and also to art, religion, agriculture, family, other principles of life, social life, handicrafts, weapon making, the use of cartilage and wood for traps and war, boats, clothes, etc. They go back to the cave and all this originated from the cave, thus the cave became the first place of human inventions. Sir Woolly believes that the first human home was a cave. When Olduvai man (Australopithecus) in Africa used stone and fire, it is considered the oldest cultural history in human history in Africa. On the other side, when scholars found the cave of Choukoutien which the type of people lived in called (Pithecanthropus). It is considered the oldest history of human settlement, because the cave played a vital role in protecting these people as an essential shelter for their lives and survival, this is considered the first stage of human settlement before the construction of huts until the end of the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic.
Furthermore, the first works of art, domestication of fire, food making, the development of handicrafts, weapons, the use of bones and wood for traps, warfare, boats, clothing, etc. are belonged to the cave. During this period, dogs became human companions as the first animals, which is considered to be (15,000) years BC to hunt, fight, watch and warn of predators and enemies used, this animal had the most understanding with humans. Therefore, most human inventions between the years (70,000 to 30,000), this stage is considered a very important and sensitive stage for the development of human intelligence and physical aspects and full maturity, which is considered the cognitive revolution. For example, during this period he built the first boat (The Invention of boats) used for transportation and hunting.
He also invented oil lamps for lighting and arrows with needles (needles he used to sew warm winter clothes). Hence the first steps in crafts and art. The findings of the cave of Hohle Fels, such as flutes and musical instruments made of bone, reveal the details of the craftsmanship of this Neanderthal species, which dates back 40,000,000 years ago.
During this period or in human life, man has carried out two major revolutions such as: – 1 – Cognitive Revolution in 70,000 years BC. 2- Agricultural Revolution 12000 BC. Then the Scientific Revolution was the beginning of scientific discoveries from 500 AD to 1500 AD, which was an important beginning for radical changes in human life. At this stage, man was able to reach the peak of success.
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