A long with the Kurdish history several treaties and contracts amid the Kurdish occupied countries had been signed against the Kurdish interests. Predominantly of the contracts marked to divide the Kurdish land and push the Kurdish movement strict into international law blockades and also create multi-enemy to the Kurdish national causes. Under crossing border cut the national emotions and voices.
Lausanne treaty in 1923 signed among Turkey and powered of that period (Britain and France). Once more the Kurdish leadership had been deceived by Turkish leaders such as: Mustafa Kamal and Kismet Eno through giving primary promises in implementing their rights. The treaty divided the lands of previous Othman empire territory, remains of failure states of the WW1. As a result of the Lausanne treaty except Iran and Turkey, Iraq and Syria illegally could have two parts of the Kurds.
Up to date the Kurdish liberation movement has numerous struggles and efforts to be recognize as a suffered nations by the United Nations. Since 1950 general society of United Nations asked human rights committee to ensure entire nation’s rights, thus in December 16, 1952 decision No. 627 about the nation’s destiny had been issued. Furthermore, demanded the organization members to guarantee the whole nation’s right and have been respected. Also on December 14, 1952 the decision No.1514 about the nations and United Nations independence has been issued.
The Kurdish nation Catastrophes:
March 16 is tragedian anniversary genocide day of Halabja. In this day the Ba’ath regime had chemical attached on the province, caused killed more than 5000 innocent civilians and more than 10 thousands injured, the remains of the Chemical weapon stay on the body of generation and even on the new born.
March 14 is anniversary of Kurdish nation Genocide, the Ba’ath regime completely planned to erase the Kurdish nation. According to United Nations rules, the acts of the regime against the Kurdish can be recognizing as genocide term. The United Nation organization on 1948 issued decision by preventing and punishing to implement genocide.
The sights of Kurdish uprising on 1991 raise the sympathy and emotions of humanity and pay attentions of human rights attorney and move the East Street into the Kurdish sufferings in order to support and advocate the Kurdish hurts. The International Security Council accepted decision 688 and trigger no fly zone (line 36).
Do we get along with these human disasters?
Unfortunately, the Kurdish nation could not take opportunities similar to other suffered nations in their experience and catastrophes. Even we could not keep it and deliver to international conferences. To everything the Southern Kurdish fraction must renounce their own Party and special interests; in contrast, their main cause will be national and nation interests. Thereafter, due such an academic and deep investigation by participation of social civilian organizations, modest person, educated and academics to point out the catastrophes on the Kurdish, similar to other international nation forward legal steps.
It is urgent to adapt the experiences of the nations like the Kurdistan region who are independence at present and are members at United Nations Organization. Within the entire political steps to reach Kurdistan independence, we have to follow the below diplomatic and lawful phases:
First: diplomatically and lawfully press the United Nations to cancel the Lausanne treaty.
Second: demand to implement the issued decisions No. 1514 in 1960 about independence of occupied nations.
Third: reveal and indicate the principles of human rights articles to use as a keeper to the suffered nations.
Fourth: official announcement of independence authority of Southern Kurdistan till be formally dealing with.
Fifth: under supervision of United Nations and international organization implementing independence referendum.
Sixth: Because of Britain and France had roles in dividing Kurdistan, thus their acceptance and assistance are splendid for the Kurdish.
Seventh: giving certainty to Kurdistan neighbors that The Kurdistan independence will not affect their sovereignty and would not destroy the territory’s peacefulness.