At present several forms have been used to realize (national media), in the world, the accurate meaning that has been used to public media is “public service” as a term to serve the public: today most probably in the world’s countries casting refers to Radio and Televisions, thereby this study focus on casting.
Why public broad casting?
Public broad casting refers to concentrate on the channels that used to service the entire, which include:
First: to serve people and their interests in the areas of features, languages, ideologies, genders, nations, and private groups.
Second: to have great roles out of the involvement of political parties and government in achieving people’s rights and broaden areas of difference types of information.
Third: keep and develop national identity which are under the risk because of business channels and advanced technologies.
Public in casting has two meanings
First: the technical castings side means any homes or regions similar to other serves like (electricity, drinking water, telephone line, oil and gas) have rights for having the casting service.
Second: the entire group types of the society (educated- uneducated, poverty – riches, young-old, black-white, religious groups, and national groups) equally have rights to share the casting.
What are the Obstacles in front of establishing this type of casting (public broad casting)?
Within raising this kind, there are many discussions about special subject, such as:
Who is response to the casting?
How present financial consolidation to the casting?
What is the role of government in this casting?
The principles of public broad casting:
The services submitted by public broad casting should be universality and diversity in the terms of:
1.Diversity in its agendas.
2. To the audience, should be equal to all recipients with no attentions of ideological voices, shapes, languages, and nations etc.
3. Should be diverse in its topics, such as: health, political, religion, social, and arts.
Public broad casting is a type of casting which should be freely explore the liberate thoughts. It would be anti-trading and political profound.
The world for public broad cast depends on this type. This call to service which would be differs from other sorts of casting like trading casting. Furthermore, this must have high quality in its agendas.
Administration and its management
Arranging media or such a type of this casting is not facilitate for managing, this require practical due to take a balance amid independence and Accountability.
The freedom process in Kurdistan, then opening up to world’s market and having the investments by foreign companies facilitate increasing the channels and transfer the media works style from Political Parties models into private sectors. This makes increasing the channel’s numbers continuously.
The negative results of the lack of observation establishment and national medial in Kurdistan region are:
1.Multi- Channels and the lack of national media channel which represent the nation and the state.
2.The Lack of national speeches.
3.Distributing the audience regards to different channels.
4.Losing the cultural, national and religion identity.
5.Decreasing the national feelings because of not having a channel which represent the public humanity channels.
6.Decreasing the Kurdish Language and disappointed of standardizing the Kurdish language.
7.The lack and decreasing the Kurdish literature, arts, and music.
8.Importing the foreign productions like films, dramas and other media productions. This leaves its bad impacts on our national cultures and raises the odds and violence convictions.
1.Establishing a private institution to arrange the media communications.
2.Establishing a national broad casting which includes Radio and national television. This has its own rules and standard principles through organizing, programs, administration, and economy.
3.Thinking to local media productions particularly films and dramas. It should be devoting a special budget by taking advantages from the foreign staffs and producers till we can product our own productions.
4.Taking a rule to import foreign products and how to coasting from the channels.
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