Corruption is one of the diseases that face most of the countries in the world and communities. It has ruination impacts on their progresses. This phenomenon is not belonging to any specific countries, but it has remarked in the entire world.
Definition of Corruption
There are diverse definitions of Corruption, hence we can say: all of them are linked with one exact point which is exiting from ethnic laws and honesty. Corruption is a form of dishonesty or criminal offense undertaken by a person or organization entrusted with a position of authority, to acquire illicit benefit or abuse power for one’s private gain.
The history of Corruption
The launch of corrupting government’s basics referred to long history of humanity from kingdom period till now. When the Kings were desire to do something, they directly without pay attention to the laws decide to do whatever they desired. This has made the individual authority in implementing the cruel government cause corruption phenomenon.
Corruption phenomenon is seen in some behaviors and those who do it are responsible for the public. Despite its similarities, we can shorten them from the following:
1.Briber: briber occurs when a person offers something of value to another person in order to receive something in exchange.
2.Nepotism:the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.
3.Respecting around: it means respecting person around yours by giving them specific interests.
4.Mediation: in this area, it means intervention for behalf of some one’s interests without work’s principles.
5.Taking public property: it means taking public property and using it under diverse reasons.
6.Extortion is the practice of obtaining something, especially money, through force or threats.
Types and causes of Corruption
There are four main reasons to occur corruption which all have directly impact on individual and communities. The reasons include:
From here, it can be clear for us that corruption has bad impacts on societies and becomes the main factor to destroy the value of laws, principles and respecting state’s value. Additionally, it is easy for employees to use public properties if they are corruptors. Corruption can ruin the state’s structure and values; therefore, we need to fight against corruption by depending on experts’ researches. On the other hand, corruption leads to establish tough life for poor in order to achieve their daily needs.