Khanaqin Arabisation, an Everlasting Threat


Baram Subhy
Writer & Translator

In Khanaqin town (238) villages have been relocating so far, their populations are (53479) person. In addition, (38439) acres of agricultural land have been Arabizing. An author says: if the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) will not find an urgent solution for that area and not working seriously to implement the steps of the article (140) of the Iraqi constitution, consequently, the number of Kurdish inhabitants decrease and that area will lose the Kurdish identity as the Mousel province.

Rahim Hamid Abdulkarim in a book titled (About Relocation and Arabisation in Khanaqin) has concentrated on the history of Arabisation in Kurdistan and Khanaqin particularly.

According to the writer, the history of Arabisation and relocation refer to (1978) within two months of summer the Iraqi government have relocated (28) thousands of families in the border areas which was increased to in (1979) the number of relocated people increased to (700,000) thousands in Mousel, Diala, Soleimani Erbil, Duhok and Kirkuk. From (1987-1988) (5000) Kurdish villages were relocated.

The Relocation and Arabisation in Khanaqin

Khanaqin is the place of the Kurdish tribes for a long while, the Arab families were living there rarely, due to its fertile soil and geography, the Iraqi consecutive governments have worked seriously on its Arabisation and altering the demography of that city from Kurdistan, the Arabisation process launched in the first prince Faisal era, at that time many Arab families settled in (Qulla) which is located in Khanaqin surroundings, the Arabisation process have been maintaining up until know.

Qoratu is one of Khanaqin district according to (1972) statistics the Kurdish population was (99.5%), however, in (1977) the Kurdish settlement decreased dramatically to 5.1% and the Arab citizen went up to (94.8%). Similarly, Maidan district in (1977) its population had relocated to Derbanikhan, Zarayan and Halabja at that time the Kurdish population became (1%) but after the Kurdish uprising against Saddam, this area has returned to the real owners completely. Furthermore, in Jalawla around (1193) Kurdish family was banished from their forefather's land in (1975), according to (1977) statistics the Kurdish population dropped off to (19.8%). Saadia is another relocated district of Khanaqin for the sake of its Kurdish identity while its real name was (Qzllrabat); the Iraqi government has changed its name to (Saadia) to show its loyalty for (Saad Bn Abi Waqas). This district has faced the same problem as it is mentioned above.


As a result, the writer says: according to the latest statistics the relocated Kurdish villages reach to (238) villages and the current population close to (53479)! If the (KRG) will not find a quick solution and the article (140) is not going to implement. At the end, Khanaqin will lose its Kurdish identity, particularly, Jalawla and Saadia.

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