The Historical Article of Rafiq Hilmy

Rafiq Hilmy was born in 1898 and died in 1960 in Kirkuk, he completed his bachelor in the field of engineering in 1918 in Turkey and he was working as a teacher. He was a very activate politician, translator and writer, he was much closed to Sheikh Mahmud but he has criticized the performance of Sheikh at that time.
PM:11:36:10/09/2019
Hilmy was a sample of Kurdish intellectual and broad-minded person who emphasized on the production of the Kurdish discourse seriously

Atta Qaradaqi
Writer

Rafiq Hilmy was born in 1898 and died in 1960 in Kirkuk, he completed his bachelor in the field of engineering in 1918 in Turkey and he was working as a teacher. He was a very activate politician, translator and writer, he was much closed to Sheikh Mahmud but he has criticized the performance of Sheikh at that time.

Hilmy in a memorandum discussed about the events that he had documented at that time and wrote his opinion as well. He illustrated his opinion about Sever treaty (1920), he says that treaty had destroyed the Ottoman Empire totally, the agreement had focused on three points about Kurdish independence, unfortunately, Kurds had achieved nothing, and Sharif Pasha had stabilized those three points in the agreement. According to Hilmy Sharif Pasha worked seriously in order to reach the Kurds to the peace conference. This evidence improves that Hilmy’s dream was Kurdish liberation and independence.

He said that the Kurdish nation after First World War didn’t have such an awareness to rebuild itself once again and they felt in a deep dream till the war has ended after the war they didn’t awake so far. He said Kurds couldn’t take the advantageous of war to their benefits. He also discussed on Sheikh Mahmud’s revolution against Britain because of having no national discourse and even most of the tribes and clans weren’t supported Sheik’s revolution to ask for an independent region in the frame of Mosel province.

The writer sheds light on the Kurdish circumstances amid the Ottomans and the Persian; he mentioned the devastation of the Kurdish emirates through Ottomans and Persians. At that time most of the Kurdish tribes and clans worked and fought for the Ottomans and the Ottomans looked them as a slaver and mercenary that was the weak point of the Kurds, they always had a vulnerable power.

In this subject the author uses two critical principles via two dimensions:

First, criticized the Turks attitudes opposite those who supported them in the ordeal times like Kurds and says Turks have hypocritical character.

Second, the Kurdish authorities at that time instead of uniting their interior power they served their enemies such as Turks and Persians. These two points showed the weaknesses of the Kurds since they didn’t reach their goal.

Hilmy was a sample of Kurdish intellectual and broad-minded person who emphasized on the production of the Kurdish discourse seriously but in critical deed while he was one of the nearest people to Sheikh Mahmud, his recommendation to Sheik was to negotiate with the Kurdish intellectuals, professional officers not concentrate on those who searched for their own interests like agha and feudal. He also believed that Kurdish future acquires critical mind in order to read the reality with appropriate treatment, understanding the diverse movement and directions and then knowing what they do? How do they decide? And when will they decide?


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