Component and definition of State

In political science, defining of State is component and a group of people in a land; they live together and have a state.
In normal daily negotiations, State has various types of works, some of writers linked terms of “State and Government” together and used as one term.

Sherif Falah

In political science, defining of State is component and a group of people in a land; they live together and have a state which manages administration and implementing the law. State is under the influences of nation, or diverse nations and it has guarantees its stabilities and independence. State has different defining as some of writers use "State and Government” as one meaning. By media and among masses State is implementing power or Council of Ministries which refer to a part of Government. Additionally, sometimes State consists of some sec, management and civilian bases.


What is State?


To answer this question, in some of the definition "State and Government” has been used as one meaning. There are some different definitions that have been used for State, as:


1.Legal definition: State is a unit that has privacy of masses, Government, Land and sovereignty.


2.Philosophic definition: State has main targets as:


A.A state for establishing cooperation among diverse groups.

B.State is result of some "Social agreements”.

C.State is found in a result of efforts of political forces and diverse groups.


3.Political definition: States have not been established by philosopher’s views; they are depending on the political realities of past, present and future. Here it can be said that society from manual components to hard components has developed by changing systematic basics.



In another meaning, we can explore two types of definition of State: private and public State. According to language and masses Art, State is "State’s committee”, "Cabinet”, or "State’s institution”. But regards to political science and international relation, State has deep meaning as it has been explained; State is massive establishment of groups of people which includes power and political energy rules that famous as high power of the State.



Component of State:


State as significant political rules in international politics arena consists of four main parts, which are "people, land, sovereignty and power”.


1.People: quality and quantity of people has not huge impacts on the component of state because both states as Browne which include (21800 people) and China which include A billion and 300 million people is the same. Large and small number of people has not direct effects on reaching targets and indicating high national interests.

2.Land: according to law expands of land is unrelated to make a state. For example, Morris which merely consists of 2045 square meters, while United States of America is more than 9 million square meters. Regards to International recognition, both states are equal. But the difference is in international relation and strategy.

3.Government: when we are talking about state’s powers, management, implementing foreign policy, behavior, and state policy in international affair, government’s components has impacts on needs and international relations. According to its works, ideologies and components Government has divided into many different models.

4.Sovereignty: regards to international system "sovereignty” means "independence”, meanwhile in local system, sovereignty means "liberty”

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