The questions are asked to the Social Democratic Parties (2)

The theory and ideology of (Socialist Democrat) account as the social and political theories which is identified in the mid of nineteenth century, it was practiced via the political movements at that time in most of the European communities, previously, socialism was focused on a method of writing of philosophy, policy and sociologic books.
PM:11:07:01/03/2021



The theory and ideology of (Socialist Democrat) account as the social and political theories which is identified in the mid of nineteenth century, it was practiced via the political movements at that time in most of the European communities, previously, socialism was focused on a method of writing of philosophy, policy and sociologic books.

Karl Marx and Fredric Engels were masters of socialist theory and ideology both published many books and theses about the principles of socialism and communism, later the notion was developed via many philosophers, scholars, politicians and economists, as a result, the theory of socialism stepped toward different opinion and idea.

In this topic, we focus on scientific socialism as a basis of other socialism concepts that are divided into three principles dialectic materials, political economy and historical materialism, to conclude, socialism is congregated in the ideological principle of social justice, humanity and economic livelihood.

We respond to the questions, in brief, the social and scientific socialism are two different methods, ideologies of philosophy, while both produced by one source, however, the essence of social-democratic socialism is seen in three points:

First, ideologically, democratic socialism is a bourgeoisie concept opposite the Marxism ideology.

Second, in terms of society system, communist socialism is not a scientific style of socialism; it is a capitalist system that has been planned by the government, thus it doesn’t deny the principle of the capitalist system whereas it requires such a kind of reformation.

Third, historically, democratic socialism in the capitalist countries is looking like a treatment for maintaining the age of capitalism; democratic socialism becomes a bridge amid social capitalism.

In general, all the mentioned above collects inside democratic socialism, as a result, they don’t make harm to the public interests, all the principles reach us to the safety zone to gain welfare to the community from the higher value of family to the public civilization.

Also, the principles of democratic socialism are working to reach power, moreover, believing in equalization among the community classes without differentiating among religions and colors. The most important point in the program of the ideology of social democratic believes on the gradual progress, hence, most of the times the social democratic accounts as revolutionary reformer, we may say the social democratic is the result of the argument that has performed through the changes of the history of the ideological changes, for instance, during the (1875s) exactly after founding the social democratic party in Germany from (1896-1898) with a program of reform criticized Marxism from proletarian dictatorship which brought the opinion of reformation to the method of Marxism, for example, Edward Bernstein was one of the intellectual and co-founder of the social democratic party of Germany from (1896-1898), he published some series of addresses under the title of (socialism problems) while the Marxists criticized him harshly, they said the socialist party got away from the ideology of Marxism, it is possible to say it was the first time of beginning of the reformation process and open discussion about the social and class troubles about Marxism or socialist, the issues has developed among the socialist wings, particularly, during the First World War and the Bolshevik revolution concurred under the leadership of Lenin, the quarrel has expanded among the socialist parties everywhere, after the revolution of (1917) lots of reaction have been seen via educated people in Soviet Union such as Leon Trotsky who criticized the Russian revolution, especially, Lenin to follow a harsh method in the revolution.

The German-educated, authors and scholars disappointed after the First World War, above all, the Marxist and socialist ideology followers for that reason they started to build an institution and ideological schools such as the Frankfurt institution for research, later it became a critical school and developing the social ideology in Frankfurt school via some scholar and educated like (Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno, Jürgen Habermas, etc.). The school has performed a new method in the ideology of modern Europe and had a great impact on redesigning the theory of criticizing besides the sociology of individual’s mind, philosophy and policy as a mixed direction inside the method of socialism.



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