Separation from Iraq (7)

Arresting Sheikh Mahmoud in the war of (Darbandi Bazyan) then sending him to Baghdad, later judging him by the Britain military court at the same city and transporting Sheikh to (Andaman Island) in India were the reason to irritate the Kurds people, tribes and clans.
AM:10:21:16/02/2021


Kaiwan Azad Anwar PhD
Researcher and Intelligence Adviser of Chawy Kurd

Arresting Sheikh Mahmoud in the war of (Darbandi Bazyan) then sending him to Baghdad, later judging him by the Britain military court at the same city and transporting Sheikh to (Andaman Island) in India were the reason to irritate the Kurds people, tribes and clans.

The tribes, clans and population, in general, confronted the Britain armies in southern Kurdistan. The attitude has started in June of 1919 and it reached to peak in 1920. The protests stepped to a phase hundreds of the British forces were sacrificed; they couldn’t stay opposite the Kurdish people. Even the uprisings and rampages were more affected than the Arab uprisings in Baghdad and Basra provinces. Consequently, it’s known as the 1920 revolt.

Despite the revolutions in the south of Kurdistan were in the frame of law and empowered by the tribes and clans, the revolutions were religious additionally, as they revolted against Christians and they defied the land, personality and the sovereignty of south of Kurdistan. The most phenomenon rampages and uprisings in the south of Kurdistan were:

First, the revolt of Goyan tribes in Badinan and Zakho on the 24th of April 1919, as a result, Captain Pearson the military governor of Zakho was killed.

Second, the uprising of the clans in Amedi district from 15-27th April 1919, finally, the political commander of Amedi (Colonel MacDonald) and his assistance (Captain Will) were killed.

Third, the upheaval of the Zebari tribes in the Akre district on the fourth of October 1919, the revolts killed (Colonel Bale) the political commander of Mousel and his assistant (Captain Scoot).

Forth, the revolution of (Rwanduz, Harir, Batas and Erbil) areas in November 1919, the rebellions could liberate their areas from the British armies.

Fifth, the uprising of (Tal Afar and Shikhan) of sixth of June 1920, instead of murdering a tremendous number of officers and soldiers they released the whole area.

Sixth, Ibrahim Khan of Dalo headed a revolution in Garmian, at that time he could liberate (Khanaqin) on the fourth of August 1920, twentieth of August (Tuz Khurmatu) and 22nd of August (Kifri).

Seventh, the revolution of Surchi tribes in August 1921, they could liberate their areas from the British forces.

Eighth, the (Ako, Mirawdali and Bilbas) tribes liberated (Betwin) and (Rania) on the tenth of September 1921.

Ninth, Mahmoud Khan of Dizli who was the close friend of Sheikh Mahmoud, he fired the British Army in Halabja on the 11th of January 1922.

Hamawand and Jabari tribes could kick off the British forces in (Chamchamal) and killed (Captain Bond) the political commander on the eighteenth of June 1922.

The revolutions that have been discussed were the reactions and samples of the Kurdish clans and tribes against the British armies from (1919-1922). Exactly, after arresting Sheikh Mahmoud and establishing a king to Iraq. The main goals of the revolutions were to return Sheikh to Kurdistan (Sulaimani) city. The British thought about returning Sheikh to Kurdistan due to finalizing the Kurdish uprisings in the south of Kurdistan and normalizing the political situation of Baghdad and Basra provinces. Afterward, it could be helpful to form Feisal bin Hussein as a king of Iraq.



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