Separation from Iraq (6)

Whilst we want to clarify the policy of Britain opposite south of Kurdistan, the population on one hand and Kurdish nation in another hand, we reach to the different notion.

Kaiwan Azad Anwar PhD
Researcher and Intelligence Adviser of Chawy Kurd

Whilst we want to clarify the policy of Britain opposite south of Kurdistan, the population on one hand and Kurdish nation in another hand, we reach to the different notion.

The Britons had no plan or idea to support Kurds and south of Kurdistan, even before the occupation of (Basra, Baghdad and Mousel) provinces. Some say Britain had planned to help Kurdistan, but Kurds couldn’t take that opportunity and adapt to the situation, to get the benefit and create a political component. Another opinion believes that Kurds couldn’t have such a power to confront Britain, so, what happened at that time was the reality of Britain's policy neither the Kurd’s attitude and courage nor the activity of its policy.

According to explanations of the passing times and the evaluation of the sources that recorded the events, we realize the state of Britain planned with the quick waves of World War I, not at the earlier times. It means, the UK worked in accordance to its wins and defeats in the four years wars of Middle East, it worked for making different types of plots, the following evidence improves our opinions as:

1- The Sykes-Picot agreement has signed on the 17th of March (1916) during the events of the First World War, the first side of the agreement was Mark Sykes who was the Britain parliament member and deputy of foreign secretary from (1911-1918), he could take Baghdad and Basra provinces with Palestine and Jordan to its country, the second side was George Picot who could take Mousel province (south of Kurdistan), west of Kurdistan, Syria and Lebanon.

2- The McMahon–Hussein correspondence is a series of letters that were exchanged during World War I in which the United Kingdom government agreed to recognize Arab independence in the Arab peninsula, Sham and the three provinces of (Baghdad, Basra and Mousel) after the war in exchange for the Sharif of Mecca launching the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire.

3- The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government in (1917) during the First World War announcing support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, then an Ottoman region with a small minority Jewish population. The declaration was contained in a letter dated 2 November 1917 from the United Kingdom's foreign secretary Arthur Balfour to Lord Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland.

The historical documents improved the Britain government’s support to Sheikh Mahmoud and appointing him as a southern Kurdistan governor in November (1918) wasn’t Britain’s aim to defend Kurd and south of Kurdistan, the goal was to return south of Kurdistan back under the authority of France which gave it to France in Sikes-Picot agreement.

On the 17th of August (1919) in the fight against (Darbandi Bazyan), the British army arrested Sheikh Mahmoud, consequently, the majority of the Kurds fought against Britain under the authority of the Ottomans.

Thus, the United Kingdom evaluated the events of pre and post-war, then planned for its policy and followed the rules. In conclusion, Kurds paid the price of their reaction against Britain, lest Britain paid for its unfaithful and obstinate opposite the Kurds.

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