The Royal Palace of the Medias in Hamadan

For the first time, Hamadan Hill was investigated by DE Morgan in (1896) and in (1913) a group of archaeologists has worked on via the responsibility of Charles Foci.

Fatih Abdullah Shwany
History lecturer at Sulaimani University

The Royal Palace of the Medias in Hamadan

The Medias have a popular civilization, for instance, the gravestones of (Feqreqa) in Mahabad, (Garni) cave in Salmas, (Kuna Prde) nearby Mako, Dokan Dawd in Zehab. Moreover, Qzqapan and Nawe were built by the Mads, Zewe, Hassanlu, Nushgian, Sialk, Goran and Genj antiques instead of their artificial works as well. The scholars say the Akhmenis civilization has prolonged the Media civilization. In reality, the Medias have created a significant milestone in Kurdistan via following the arts of former nations like Goties, Manna, etc.

Then, the Medias got power and built their empire, their language became the formal language of the state, also Avesta has written via the same language. Furthermore, it became the main source of creating the Kurdish language.

One of the masterpieces of the Medis age was building Hamadan as their capital. The history of building this city refers to the second millenniums Before Christ (BC).

Hamadan became prominent in the realm of political and military activity before Dyako would organize the Mad state once again, then it became the capital of the Mad state. Hamadan was one of the beautiful cities at that time, it surrounded by seven walls while the walls were painted with different colors, the Hamadan palace was equivalent to the Babil tower. Herodotus says Hamadan was a big city; Dyako has identified as capital and created a giant palace to meet his representatives and counsels. That’s why they say the meaning of Hamadan is the place of visiting each other.

People were settled around the royal palace, Dyako as a fair leader has concentrated on equality and justice among people, and all these show the legal and administrative power of the Dyako’s period. According to the Assyrian sources the name of Hamadan refers to the (1100 BC) as Tiglath-Flaser mentioned.

Hamadan is the Medias name and the other nations saw it as a Medias city, for example, the Assyrians called (Hangmatana) and the Aramis used (Agamatanu).

Hamadan was a significant center for other provinces and regions for trading and was the place when the majority of the political assembling was held there for the tribes and clans. Besides, the kings worked seriously to develop their capital due to become a strong political center. Similarly, they attempted to depict their power in the realm of the military to remain their names forever.

For the first time, Hamadan Hill was investigated by DE Morgan in (1896) and in (1913) a group of archaeologists has worked on via the responsibility of Charles Foci.

Since the identity of the city belongs to Kurdistan and the Medias, Iran has not been working extremely on developing Hamadan while it works to ruin the city; the Iranian power has changed its Kurdish identity to the Persian.

Instead of finding the old heritage of Hamadan and its royal palace lots of antiques have discovered which they belong to distinct periods; the most important era was the (Hangmatana) era, likewise, finding a statue of a lion in the city’s main gate, unfortunately, it is broken and a Sumerian gold written tableau which is required more analyzing and explanation.

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