What happened before Treaty of Sevres?

Many states were created alliance; against them some others were made coalition. Both Asian and African continent became decisiveness of problems and conflicts.
PM:06:14:02/08/2020
Both Asian and African continent became decisiveness of problems and conflicts.

Choman Taqieddin
Journalist

Many states were created alliance; against them some others were made coalition. Both Asian and African continent became decisiveness of problems and conflicts.

There was a chaos between Russian Caesar and Othman Empire. They had serious combats which mostly Russia won on Othman Empire. Meanwhile, Othman Empire had domestic conflicts. On June 23, 1908 by coup Second Sulatan Abdulahamid obliged to leave power, Fifth Mohamed Sultan replaced him as Othman Sultan Empire. In the same time, Kurds erupted revolution against Othman Empire, after imposed the power of Othman Empire on North, South and Eastern part of Kurdistan.

It can be said that, the globe was in unstable and unrest circumstance, therefore the world was spent moments of big war. It just looked for a tiny chance to start the war.

The immediate cause was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the archduke of Austria-Hungary. His death at the hands of Gavrilo Princip – a Serbian nationalist with ties to the secretive military group known as the Black Hand – propelled the major European military powers towards war.

World War I began in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and lasted until 1918. During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers).

At the result of the World War I (the Allied Powers) were successes and (the Central Powers) fall in the 4 years more than (9.911.000) soldiers were killed and other (21.219.500) were injured and more than (7.750.000) were displaced.

First: North Kurdistan and Caucus campaign

The campaign of North Kurdistan and Caucus determined as a thirteen war of Russian Caesar and Othman Empire (1914-1918s). this was in the context of the World War I, which during the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers). At the result of the World War I (the Allied Powers) were successes and (the Central Powers) fall in the 4 years more than (9.911.000) soldiers were killed and other (21.219.500) were injured and more than (7.750.000) were displaced.

 

Second: Sinai and Palestine Campaign

TheSinai and Palestine campaignof the Middle Eastern theater of World War 1 was fought by the Arab Revolt  and the British Empire, against the Ottoman Empire and its Imperial German allies. It started with an Ottoman attempt at raiding the Suez Canal in 1915, and ended with the Armistice of Mudros  in 1918, leading to the cession of Ottoman Syria

Third: Sykes–Picot Agreement

TheSykes–Picot Agreement was a 1916 secret treaty between the United Kingdom and Franc with assent from the Russian Empire and Italy, to define their mutually agreed spheres of influence and control in an eventual partition of the Othman Empire. The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Entente would succeed in defeating the Ottoman Empire during World War 1 and formed part of a series of secret agreements contemplating its partition. The primary negotiations leading to the agreement occurred between 23 November 1915 and 3 January 1916, on which date the British and French diplomats, Mark Sykes and Francois Georges-picot, initialed an agreed memorandum. The agreement was ratified by their respective governments on 9 and 16 May 1916.

 

Fourth: Paris Peace Conference

The Paris Peace Conference was the formal meeting in 1919 and 1920 of the victorious Allies after the end of World War 1 to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers. Dominated by the leaders of Britain, France, the United States and Italy, it resulted in five controversial treaties that rearranged the map of Europe and imposed financial penalties. Germany and the other losing nations had no voice which gave rise to political resentments that lasted for decades.

 

Fifth: San Remo Conference

TheSan Remo conferencewas an international meeting of the post-World War 1 allied Supreme Council as an outgrowth of the Paris Peace Conference, held at Villa Devachan in Sanremo, Italy, from 19 to 26 April 1920.



 



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