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Description of Patriotism Building by Poets of Early Twenty Century

Piramerd ‘Kurdish Famous Poet” in his poem “Ashrat Hawara”, which described Mulla Mustefa Barzani when crossed Aras River is trying to combine both Classical and Modern Hero.
PM:11:45:25/04/2020


Stivan Shamzini
Writer

Piramerd ‘Kurdish Famous Poet” in his poem "Ashrat Hawara”, which described Mulla Mustefa Barzani when crossed Aras River is trying to combine both Classical and Modern Hero.

In this piece, I would like to concentrate on three Kurdish poets who were through their products made poets as a tool of Nation Building.

Piremerd

Indeed, Piremerd (Haji Tofiq 1867 – 1950) was the unique Kurdish intellectual in twenty century in south part of Kurdistan who devoted his cultural and journalism works in Nation building sector. We vividly felt discourses for behalf of building nation by joining history with Mythologies and political subjects at beginning of twenty century.

Piremerd intelligently worked on Kurdish symbols and features. He precisely worked on Nation Building symbols. Piramerd ‘Kurdish Famous Poet” in his poem "Ashrat Hawara”, which described Mulla Mustefa Barzani when crossed Aras River is trying to combine both Classical and Modern Hero. But after him, the entire of Kurdish intellectuals except Masoud Mohammad have faced cosmopolitism disease.

At the first glance, Piremerd looks like classic poet and then Journalist, but according to me he is more than a poet and journalist.

Fayaq Bekas and soft power

Kurdish poets of early twenty century were not looking at poems as a language game, but they had looked at as effective political tools in the process of Nation building and National discourse.

Ahmed Muxtar Jaff (1898-1935) called to his collogues instead of describing lady’s face try to concentrate on "Kurdish Nation’s suffers”. He shifted poem’s duty from love of Lord and humans to love of Nation.

In one of his poems, he said:

Study, because study is used to defeat enemy

At every time is a shelter against them

According to him, studying is used every time as a strong weapon against enemies of Kurdish nation. He believes that graduated nation cannot be deceived easily.

Dildar… peak of defense literature

Diladar experience (1918 – 1948) is importance and sensitive experiences. He cautioned Kurdish people as a "Kurds” not as Muslims or any other identities. Before at nineteen century Haji Qadri Koye represented. But Dildar in the poem of "Ay Raqib” reach peak. His poem "Ay Raqib –Oh Nation” spontaneously becomes a national Kurdish anthem. He combined history with language, present with future of Kurds and made a survival signs of Kurds.

While contexts of "Ay Raqib” by Dildar should not be a universal context because it narrated a special nation’s suffers on history period, but it is not local contexts as cannot cross borders and leave its impacts on every Kurd’s memory. A true theory is the theory that confirmed any universal contexts has been locals. When you read the story of "Diblins”, the events are not only for Diblins alone, it attracts readers to their daily life and what was going on in their capital. Similarly, Dildar has showed a history of Kurdish through a piece of poems, why not making this poem as an anniversary?

 

 

 

 

 

 



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